Chess is an ancient game that traces its roots back to India. Some of the tactics of today’s top tournaments can be found in games that took place hundreds of years ago, but others have evolved over the past two or three decades with the advent of artificial intelligence. Reading this guide should be your first step to learning one of the most popular board games of all time.
How is a chess board set up?
A chessboard is a square divided into eight rows, or tiers, and eight columns or files. Squares alternate between light and dark. The chessboard is always set so that the square on the bottom right is lighter.
The pieces are always set the same way. In the middle of the first rank, you have a king and a queen. (The queen always goes in its matching color, so the white queen should be in the light square and the black queen should be in the darker square.) On either side of the pair, working towards the edges, you have the bishop, then the knight, then the rook. The second tier is always eight pawns.
How do the pieces move?
Rooks Move in a straight line horizontally or vertically to any number of empty squares.
Knights Move in an L shaped pattern, two squares horizontally or vertically, then a square at a 90-degree angle. Knights is the only piece that can fly on another piece.
The bishops Move diagonally to any number of empty squares. Each bishop starts in a light or dark square and stays in that colored square for the entire game. In some definitions, you see a reference to a “light” or “dark” square bishop.
The The Queen Moves any number of empty squares horizontally, vertically or diagonally.
The The king Moving a square in any direction. The king cannot move to the square under attack by another piece. Opposing kings must be at least one square distance apart.
The pawns Move one square at a time. In their first move, pawns can move two squares forward, though they cannot fly over any other piece. They can only be captured diagonally.
White always moves first, and players can only move one piece in their turn. Going first gives the player a little advantage over having the white pieces.
A. attack the king Check it out. When the king is in check, the attack must be blocked, the attacker must be captured, or the king must go to a safe square.
Casling A special kind of move, and the only time a player moves two pieces at once. The King moves on two squares in either direction, and then the Rook jumps to the other side of the King.
This allows you to secure your king and get your rook to the center of the board, where it is stronger. There are some rules when it comes to castling. The player will not go to the castle if they are in check. If the king crosses the square controlled by the enemy, the castle cannot be built or the enemy controlled square. The king cannot build a fort if there are pieces between it and the rook. It should be the first walk of the king and the first walk of the rook.
When the pawn reaches the opposite end of the board, it is Promotes As a Knight, Bishop, Rook or Queen. The pawn can promote any of these pieces, regardless of whether the player has previously captured one.
A special kind of capture can be done called pawns en passant. En Passant is French for “In Pass”. If a pawn moves two squares in its initial motion and lays next to the opposing pawn, the opponent can move to capture the pawn of the first player by moving it diagonally behind it.
This can only be done after the first pawn has moved two squares.
How do you win?
Winning the game of chess is done by putting the opponent’s king Checkmate. When the king is inspected and cannot escape. The king is not captured as a distinct piece; If the checkmate happens, the game just ends.
In time chess games, if the player’s clock drops to zero, they lose.
The player can resign at any time.
Sometimes, the game of chess can end in a draw. Here are five ways to make that happen.
Silence occurs when a player turns and they have no legal moves.
One player on the board does not have enough pieces to checkmate another.
If the position is repeated three times, any player can get a draw. Repetition occurs when the same pieces are on the same squares and this is the same player move. These do not have to occur in a row, so if the same position appears when the 23, 27, and 30 moves, the draw can be claimed by repetition.
Both players agree to the draw.
Fifty consecutive moves are played, where no player has captured the piece or moved the pawn.