Monday’s Google Doodle illustration commemorates Juneteenth, an annual federal holiday on June 19 that celebrates the liberation of enslaved blacks in the United States.
The Doodle was created by Virginia-based father and son artist duo Jerome and Jeromyah Jones. The Google Doodle is a special and temporary logo alteration on Google home pages to celebrate special events, such as anniversaries, holidays, milestones and important historical figures.
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which stipulated that all Confederate states should free all people enslaved during the US Civil War. However, the proclamation only applied to places under Confederate control and not to slave-holding border states, such as Texas, or to rebel areas under Union control.
On June 19, 1865, enslaved African Americans in Galveston, Texas were informed of the Emancipation Proclamation, meaning they could live freely. Since then, the date has been celebrated locally, and in 1980 it became an official state holiday. Several states followed suit, but it wasn’t until 2021 that it became a federal holiday.
Inspired by “Unity”
The original date of June 19, 1865 was approximately two months after the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, but slavery remained in Texas, a Confederate state, until American General Gordon Granger did not read general orders no. 3 in the state: “The people of Texas are informed that, according to a proclamation by the United States Executive, all slaves are free.”
In an interview with Google, the Doodle artists said that Google’s artwork on Monday was inspired “by the unity we have witnessed in cultural events over the years”, such as the story of the griots. the Sankofa Adinkra symbol of Ghana and the meaning of the Day (which was Sunday).
They said that works of art like this are first sketched “not on the canvas but in our conversations”. In these discussions, they decide who will paint what aspects of the artwork, which in this case was made using acrylic and oil paint.
“The hand in the background symbolizes the descendants of those who were emancipated on June 19, 1865 and the children of fathers in subsequent generations,” said the Jones men.
“The brush is a metaphorical representation of the bridge that connects the roots to their fruits. If we had to give a title to our Google Doodle we would call it” Painting in the footsteps of our freedom “.
“Painting following in the footsteps means that we are giving color to the past so that the legacy is visible to all children in the class. The red, black and green Sankofa bird looking back is the symbol of the opening of the history book in womb to close the generation gap “.
On Sunday, Detroit artist Rachelle Baker came up with another Doodle to celebrate the holiday.